Monday, February 27, 2017

Current Species List For My Permaculture Garden (Updated 12/2018)

This is a list of edible species (as well as non-edibles I find useful) that I am growing in my developing permaculture plot (Temperate climate, USDA Zone 8, Washington State, USA) which includes a small property of my own as well as two neighboring properties belonging to family members.

Looking over this list it would seem that I could feed myself with this, but in reality many of these plants are still in their early stages of establishment, and not all of them are highly productive... In addition to this list there are other edible species naturally present on the property which are not included since they do not offer any meaningful production at this time.


🍇 = producing very good quantities each year
🍇 = producing lightly each year (either from lack of maturity or lack of capability)
🌱 = acquired, but have not yet planted out
All unmarked have been planted, but are not yet producing
= potentially on the chopping block for removal for one reason or another.


Apples (Malus domestica & hybrids):

*🍇'Centennial' (Crab) - Highly productive of large crabs good for fresh eating, but I find they seem at their best slightly before they appear fully ripe. Make a nice soft mushy pickle when preserved in salt brine that is a useful addition in cooking. Fruit seems pest prone due to thin skins and soft flesh.
*🍇Columnar - Not sure which one... Either North Pole or Scarlet Sentennal. The deer keep eating it...
*🍇'Evereste' (Crab) - Highly ornamental and productive crab that is good for cooking.
*🍇'Gravenstein' - Vigorous tree. Very wormy fruit compared to wild apple just 30' or so away.  Prone to dropping fruit.  Highly canker prone.
*'Liberty' - Highly disease resistant red apple.
*'Wolf River' - Extremely large red streaked apple which I grafted onto a wild volunteer seedling apple.
*'Ellisons's Orange' - An offspring of the famous English Cox's Orange Pippin.
*'Wine Crisp' - A Patented variety that is supposed to be resistant to a range of apple diseases and a very long keeper (many months).
*'William's Pride' - Ripens in August
*'Pristine' - Ripens in August
*🌱'Granny Smith' - Late Ripening
*🌱'Black Oxford'
*🌱'Raven' - Good producer of water core quality for sweet hard ciders.
*🌱'Saltcote Pippin'
*🌱'Dutch Mignonne' - Free spurring for espalier
*🌱'Egremont Russet' - Free spurring for espalier
*🌱'Gana' or 'Ben Davis Black' - Long keeping
*🌱'Galarina' - Long keeping. Similar to 'Gala'
*🌱'Golden Harvey' - High sugar content for making strong hard ciders.
*🌱'Golden Russet' - High sugar, good keeper
*🌱'Pitmaston Pineapple' - Small with light crops, but exceptional flavor.
*🌱'Sundance' - Keeps 7 months
*🌱'Vanderpool Red'
*🌱'Belle de Boskoop' - found out these are really prone to apple maggots.  Will graft over to something else.
*🌱'Hunt Russet' - Exceptional keeper.
*🌱'Stahls Winterprinz'
*🌱'Roter Eiserapfel'
*🌱EMLA 26 Rootstock - Spare rootstock for grafting. Produces trees 40-45% of standard size.  Low tendency for suckering.

Pears (Pyrus sp.):

*'Bosc' (P. communis) - Classic high quality pear that should keep well and have some disease resistance.
*'Rescue' (P. communis)
*'Seckel' (P. communis)
*'Shinseiki' (P. pyrifolia) - Listed as disease resistant and good keeper.  So far proving to be not disease resistant...
*🌱'OHxF 87' - Rootstock

Medlar (Mespilus germanica):

*'Monstrueuse de Evreinoff' - Large fruited French variety.

Quince (Cydonia oblonga):

*'Van Deman'

Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles sp):

*'Toyo Nishiki' (C. speciosa) - Multi colored flowers.
*🌱'Victory' (C. japonica) - Red flowers.  Large fruit.
*'Jet Trail' (C. x superba) - Received in error, but will keep.  Supposedly productive of small fruit on a white flowering low growing shrub.
*Seed Grown (C. cathayensis) - More tree like with larger fruit than common flowering quince. Not commonly available.

Stone Fruits (Prunus sp. & hybrids):

*🍇'Early Golden' Plum (P. salicina) - Excellent yellow plum. When fully ripe has a texture reminiscent of apricots with flavor suggesting peach.
*🍇Probable St. Julien (P. insititia)- Very sweet green plum that turned out not to be anything like the variety supposedly planted. Probably a rootstock tree due to graft failure in the nursery before purchase.
*Unknown Sweet Plum (P. sp) - Very sugary variety planted from a root sucker from a clonal patch at a friend's house.
*'Jam Session' Plum (P. sp.) - Damson type.
*🍇Cherry Plums (P. cerasifera) - Non-native volunteer with each tree having slightly different flavor and overall quality. Some with deep purple/red leaves and some with green leaves. Fruit small, but abundant. Some specimens tend to bear biannually.
*Johann's Select Cherry Plum (P. cerasifera) - Name worthy selection found along a roadside, this specimen has heavy production (every year) of small, dense/meaty, good flavored plums that are great for fresh eating even before fully ripe which gives them a longer season of harvest for fresh eating. I've rooted cuttings, planting one for myself and have shared with a couple others for further evaluation.
*🍇Sour Cherries (P. cerasus), 'Surefire' - Highly disease resistant cultivar with tart fruit that still has enough sugar for fresh eating or cooking.
*'Black Boy' Peach (P. persica) - Very dark fleshed peach with resistance to peach leaf curl.
*🌱Sweet Pit Hunza Apricot Seedling (P. armeniaca)

Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa):

*🍇Seed grown - Productive dark berries good for winemaking.

Service Berry (Amelanchier alnifolia):

*🍇'Regent' - a stoloniferous variety that flowers and fruits havily. I strongly suspect that although listed as A. alnifolia, it is quite likely to be either A. stolonifera or a hybrid.
*🍇'Northline' - Native edible fruit similar to blueberries, but biologically like mini apples.
*Unkown - from Cascadia Edible Landscapes in Seattle.
*🌱Running Serviceberry Seedling (Parent - 'Success')

Strawberries (Fragaria sp. & hybrids):

*🍇Alpine (F. vesca) - Clumping, and readily growing from seed. Both red and white berry forms setting fruit whenever weather is warm enough for pollinators.
*🍇'Totem' (F. ananasa) - June bearing with very upright stems on vigorous plants. Great flavor.
*🍇Pink variety (F. ananasa x Comarum sp.), also growing seeds out from this variety - Pink flowers almost year round with fruit set during warmer months. Clumping and not highly productive.
*🍇'Albion' (F. ananasa)
*Musk Strawberry (Fragaria moschata)

Blackberries & Raspberries (Rubus sp.):

*🍇Red Raspberries, 'NR7' (R. idaeus) - Compact, dwarf and thornless. Produces on both new and second year stems.
*🍇Red Raspberries, unknown variety (R. idaeus) - Originally from Tolstoy Farm in Eastern Washington.
*Red Raspberries, 'Tulameen' (R. idaeus)
*🍇Black Raspberries, 'Ohio Treasure' (R. occidentalis) - Bears on both first and second year growth.
*🍇'Triple Crown' (R. fruticosus)- Vigorous, thornless.
*🍇'Wild Treasure' Blackberry (R. sp.) - Thornless hybrid of native dewberry and Waldo blackberry.
*🍇'Ouachita' (probably) Blackberry (R. fruticosus) - Upright, thornless.  Weird Flavor.
*🍇Thimbleberry (R. parviflorus) - Native, variable productivity. Very tasty when ripe and well watered.

Rose Hips (Rosa sp. & Hybrids):

*🍇'MEIdomonac' aka "Bonica" - Heavy blooming pale pink rose that was planted as an ornamental and surprised me with a nice crop of rose hips. I did try making tea from them which was pleasant so I will continue using it for hips.


(Eleagnus sp.):

*'Fruitlandii' Silverberry (E. pungens x?) - Evergreen with tasty red fruit in spring. Winter blooming. Doesn't seem to set fruit without a pollinator.
*'Golden Silverberry' (E. pungens) - Evergreen with variegated leaves. Hopefully will be a good pollinator for Fruitlandii.
*🍇Seedling Goumi (E. multiflora) - Seed grown to help with cross-pollination.
*'Sweet Scarlet' Goumi (E. multiflora) - Selected variety with high quality fruit.
*'Garnet' Autumn Olive (E. umbellata) - Small red tasty berries late in the season.

Seaberries (Hippophae rhamnoides):

*Male - Needed to wind pollinate female cultivars.
*Female, 'Goldensweet' - Sweeter than average. Not sure if this is due to higher sugar content or simply lower acid content.
*Female, 'Otradnaya' - Large fruit.


Figs (Ficus carica):

*🍇'Desert King' - Green exterior. Productive of large breba crop.
*🍇'Violette de Bordeaux' - Dark exterior. Bifare.
*'Stella'/'Cordi' - Green exterior, red interior. Bifare.
*🍇'Olympian' - Dark exterior. Bifare.
*🍇'Atreano' - Green exterior. Bifare. Very productive of main crop.
*🍇'Florea' - Aledgedly increadibly cold hardy and also productive. I'm mostly interested in using this to share rooted starts with people in colder parts of the state. Bifare.
*🍇'Hardy Chicago' - Dark exterior. Main.
*'Verte/Green Ischia' - Green exterior.
*🌱'Gillette' - Edible male variety. Bifare.
*🌱🍇Unknown, Possibly 'Black Mission' - Mislabeled at nursery, but best matches BM from among the dark colored figs offered by the same nursery.
*🌱'LSU Purple'

Mulberries (Morus sp.):

*Dwarf Black Issai (Morus alba) - Small growing bush type rather than tree like.
*🌱🍇'Shangri La'


Blueberries/Huckleberries/Cranberries (Vaccinium sp.):

*🍇Red Huckleberry (V. parvifolium) - Native grows on rotting red cedar stumps.
*🌱🍇Blueberry, 'Libery' (V. sp) - Grows up to 7 feet high. Being planted as part of a mixed hedge.
*🌱Blueberry, 'Misty' (V. sp)
*🍇Blueberry, Assorted varieties (V. sp)
*🍇Blueberry, 'Pink Lemonade' (V. sp)
*🍇Evergreen Huckleberry (V. ovatum)
*🍇Cranberries (V. macrocarpum) - Seed grown, plus one of the cultivar 'Stevens'.
*🌱Lingonberry, 'Koralle' (V. vitis-idaea)
*🌱Lingonberry, 'Erntesegen'
*🌱Lingonberry, 'Ida'
*🌱Lingonberry, 'Red Pearl'
*🌱Lingonberry, 'Regal'

Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo):

*🍇'Compacta' - Attractive evergreen with ornamental and tasty fruit. Best flavor/texture is just before they look fully ripe while they transition between orange and red.

(Gaultheria sp.):

*🍇Salal (G. shallon) - Native evergreen understory shrub with tasty purple berries.
*🍇Miquel's Wintergreen (G. miqueliana) - Spreading low evergreen with fragrant leaves and white berries.


Gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa & hybrids):

*🍇Unknown - Highly productive from a young age. Green berries take on reddish color when at their peak of ripeness
*🍇Unknown (probably 'Poorman') - Very tasty and not too tart, but very little production for the first few years. Now as it's very well established it is beginning to bear heavily.
*🍇'Hinnomaki Yellow' - Low growing. Productive. My favorite for fresh eating, sweet and fruity.
*🍇'Black Velvet' - Upright growth habit. Intensely flavored small berries.
*🌱'Hinnomaki Red'
*🌱'Invicta' (not) - Parent plant was probably close to eight feet tall and a thorny mass.  This cultivar could be useful in creating impermeable hedges.  Parent plant was probably mislabeled.  This has way smaller fruit than the variety description.
*'Jeanne' - Thornless
*'Captivator' - Thornless

Currants (Ribes sp):

*🍇Red, Unknown (R. rubrum)
*🌱Red, 'Rovada'
*🌱Red, 'Rosetta'
*🌱Red, 'Jonkheer Van Tets'
*🌱🍇White, Unknown (R. rubrum)
*🌱White, 'Primus'
*🌱White, 'Imperial' (R. rubrum)
*Pink, Gloire de Sablons (R. rubrum)
*🍇Black, Unknown (R. nigrum x ussuriense) - Probably the variety called Consort.  Self-fertile.
*🍇Black, 'Hill's Kiev Select' (R. nigrum x) - Hybrid black currant.
*🌱Black, 'Titania' (R. nigrum x ussuriense)
*🌱Black, 'Westwick'
*Clove Currant (R. odoratum)
*Golden Currant (R. aureum)


Hedgehog Cacti (Echinocereus sp.):

*🌱E. triglochidiatus v. inermis - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now
*🌱E. triglochidiatus v. gonacanthus 'White Sands' - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now

Prickly Pear Cacti (Opuntia sp.):

*🌱O. phaeacantha v. woodsii 'Brilliant Orange' - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now
*🌱O. phaeacantha 'Plum' - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now
*🌱O. phaeacantha 'Mesa Sky' - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now
*🌱O. macrocentra - Growing in terra-cotta pots for now. Seems to be vigorous. Started growing pads way faster than the O. phaeacantha cultivars planted at the same time. Very promising.
*🍇O. humifusa v. inermis - Easily overwinters despite our wet winters. Fruit not worthwhile as edible, and pad growth not fast enough for sustainable harvest unless first established as a rather large patch which could take many years.
*O. sp. - Spineless
*🌱O. hybrid 'Desert Glow' - Upright.  Yellow-orange fruit.
*🌱O. 'Desert Romance'
*🌱O. 'Desert Delight'


Goji Berries (Lycium barbarum):

*🍇'Crimson Star' ('Ningxia #1') - Commercial cultivar from northern China.  Reddish orange berries.

(Solanum sp.):

*🍇Tomatoes (S. lycopersicon) - naturalized in greenhouse.


Chilean Guava (Ugni molinae):

*🌱Generic - Probably seed grown, or perhaps cutting grown without a cultivar name.
*🌱'Flambeau' - Variegated form.

Feijoa (Acca sellowiana):

*🌱Seed grown


Elderberries (Sambucus sp.):

*🍇'Emerald Lace' Black Elderberry (S. nigra var. laciniata)
*🍇'Black Lace' Black Elderberry (S. nigra var. laciniata)
*'Eiffel 1' Black Elderberry (S. nigra) - Fastigiate
*🌱'Samdal' Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)
*'Bob Gordon' Black Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
*'Wyldewood' Black Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
*🍇'York' Black Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
*🍇Blue Elderberry (S. cerulea)

Viburnum (Viburnum sp.):

*🌱Manchurian Viburnum (Viburnum burejaeticum)


Five Leaf Akebia (Akebia quinata):

*🌱Unconfirmed ID - Cutting grown from an established specimen growing on a fence in the greater Seattle area. Seems to be the generic purple type often sold without a varietal name. Will need an additional variety for cross-pollination.

Blue Bean Shrub (Decaisnea fargesii)\

*🌱Blue Bean Shrub - Typical

Other Fruits:

Pawpaw (Asimina triloba):

*🌱Seedlings - Seed grown from two batches of seed (both from ebay). One batch was wild collected from the best tasting fruit found while someone traveled through multiple states. The other batch is seed from selected commercial varieties.
*'Allegheny' - Variety selected for heavy production.
*🌱'Overleese' - Died

Persimmons (Diospyros sp.):

*'Nikita's Gift' (D. kaki x virginiana) - Hardy hybrid persimmon grafted onto american rootstock.

Grapes (Vitis sp.):

*🍇Unknown - Productive. Good enough to eat, but would willingly replace if I find better varieties for the area.
*🍇Unknown - Good flavor in flesh, but seeds slightly bitter. Good enough to eat, but would willingly replace if I find better varieties for the area.
*🍇Unknown - Low vigor, but small pale greenish berries are very sweet and tasty. Delicious.
*V. labrusca 'Island Belle'/'Campbell's Early'
*V. labrusca 'Interlaken' - Small green/golden grapes.
*V. vinifera 'Venus' - Patented large blue grape from University of Arkansas breeding program.
*V. vinifera 'Black Monukka'
*🌱🍇V. vinifera 'Pixie Cabernet Franc' - Dwarf vine that is supposedly still productive.
*🌱'Centennial' grape (Vitis vinifera)
*🌱'Delight' grape (Vitis sp.)
*🌱'Petite Jewel'
*🌱'Sweet Shelly' (NY 47616)

Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia sp.):

*'Ken's Red' (A. arguta x melanandra)
*'Ananasnaya' (A. arguta) - Great yellow fall color
*🌱'Cordifolia' (A. arguta) - High in sugars
*'Issai' (A. arguta) - Semi-self fertile. Lacks vigor, but I'm using it in a spot where I don't want an overly aggressive vine.
*'Meader' Hardy Male (A. arguta)

Pomegranate (Punica granatum):

*🌱'Parfianka' - Well rated for flavor.
*🌱'Eversweet' - Non-staining. Edible even if not fully ripe.
*🌱'Desertnyi' - Juice has orange flavor.
*🌱'Sumbar' - Early Soft seeded.
*🌱'Sverkhranniy' - Early.  Soft seeded.

Olives (Olea europaea):

*🍇'Arbequina' - currently growing in ground in the greenhouse. I plan to move it out to a permanent spot once it's a little older and has more mass to withstand the winters around here...
*🍇'Pendolino' - Very early ripening

Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba):

*'Tigertooth' - Not sure if it will ripen its late season fruit here, but it should be hardy at least. There are earlier ripening varieties, but I chose Tigertooth because it was the only variety which was available on its own roots. Since I want to allow it to sucker and form a clonal colony over time a self rooted cultivar was a must.

Hardy Citrus :

*Bitter Orange (Citrus trifoliata), Generic - Accidental addition after a citrus failed to overwinter in my greenhouse and the rootstock took over. It's an attractive shrub and I look forward to experimenting with it's future fruits.
*🌱Yuzu (Citrus x junos), Seed grown
*🌱'Dunston' Citrumelo (X Citroncirus), Three seed grown specimens.
*🌱'Morton' Citrange (Citrus trifoliata x Citrus sinensis) - Two seed grown specimens.
*🌱'Thomasville' Citrangequat ((Citrus trifoliata x Citrus sinensis) x Citrus marginata)- One seed grown specimen.

Magnolia Vine (Schisandra chinensis):

*'Eastern Prince' - Self-fertile cultivar. Shade tolerant.  Super attractive to slugs.  It's hard to get any growth on this as the slugs keep eating everything. :(

Pindo Palm (Butia sp.):

*🌱Pindo Palm, (Butia capitata, but likely B. odorata) - Flavorful fruit and oily seed.

Mahonia (Mahonia sp.):

*🍇Mahonia repens
*🍇Mahonia aquifolium 'Compacta' - Compact form of tall oregon grape. When I saw them in the nursery I was struck at how heavy their fruit set was.
*🍇Mahonia x media 'Charity' - Produces large clusters of fruit making it worthwhile for processing.

Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis):

*Standard type (is there any other?)

Passionfruit (Passiflora sp.):

*🌱Passiflora incarnata 'Alba' - White flowered form of Maypop.
*🌱Passiflora incarnata - Normal purple flowered Maypop. Died

Honeyberry (Lonicera carulea):

*🌱'Czech #17'
*🌱'Sinyaya Ptitsa'
*🌱Lost label variety

Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina):

*Male - Amazing pollen source for bees.  You can hear the trees humming with life while in bloom.
*Female (generic)
*Female 'Laciniata' - A laceleaf version.  Will compare productivity with generic form.



*English Walnut (Juglans regia) - Seed grown, plus one grafted.
*🌱Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) - Seed grown from 'Weschke' parent tree, a cultivar selected for thin shells/easy cracking.
*Heartnut (Juglans ailantifolia) - seedling
*Hardy Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) - Seed grown from open pollinated 'Kanza' cultivar.
*Chestnut (Castanea crenata) - Seed grown from 'Silverleaf'/'Eurobella' mother tree.
*🌱Chestnut (Castanea crenata) - Seed grown from 'Layeroka' mother tree.
*🌱Jefferson Hazel Seedlings (Corylus avellana) - Seed grown European hazels with parentage showing resistance to the hazelnut blight which damages European hazel trees.
*Garry Oak (Quercus garryana)


*🌱Dwarf Pine (Pinus pumila)
*Monkey Puzzle (Araucaria araucana) Seed grown from two batches of seed. One batch was shipped from South America.

Vegetables (Greens, Herbs, Bulbs, Corms, Roots, Tubers, Etc.):

Alliums (Allium sp.):

*🍇Hardneck Garlic, 'Susan Delafield' Porcelain type (Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon) - Huge cloves, very hot flavor!
*🍇Elephant Garlic/Perennial Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum) - I use for the greens not the bulbs.
*🍇Welsh Bunching Onions (Allium fistulosum) - I don't pull these. I simply cut at ground level and let them regrow. I can harvest each bulb a couple times a year.
*🌱Ramps (Allium tricoccum)
*🍇Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
*🍇Nodding Onions (Allium cernuum)
*(Allium molly) - onion flavored yellow flowers.


*🍇Sage (Salvia officinalis) 'Berggarten' - Regular flavor, but with broad leaves and reduced tendency for flowering resulting in compact tidy plants.
*🍇Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis)
*🍇Thyme (Thymnus sp.) - Mixed species.
*🍇Greek Oregano (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum)
*🍇Mint (Mentha sp.)- 'Spearmint', 'Scotchmint', 'Peppermint', 'Applemint', 'Wintergreen mint'


*🍇Sun-snaps (Helianthus tuberosus) - Pinkish/reddish tuber type.
*🍇Dandelion Root (Taraxicum officinale) - Good wine from the flowers, great for the bees.  Roasted root makes excellent beverage base.

Misc. Vegetables:

*(Crocus sieberi) - Mix of two cultivars, 'Firefly' and 'Tricolor'. Edible corm supposedly tastes like hazelnuts.
*🍇Hopniss (Apios americana) - Improved variety from Louisiana State University breeding program.  Really tasty to slugs and potato bugs.
*🍇Wapato (Sagittaria latifolia)
*Renkon/Lotus Root (Nelumbo nucifera) 'Space Lotus 36/Taikong Lian 36' - Variety selected for rhizome and seed production.
*Renkon/Lotus Root (Nelumbo nucifera) 'Pink and Gold/Jen Fin Shi Jia #3' - Dwarf variety selected for flower and seed production.
*Sweet Potatoes: 'Garnet' - Redish-brown skin, orange flesh.
*Sweet Potatoes: 'Hannah' - Light tan skin, pale flesh.
*Sweet Potatoes: 'Satsumaimo' - Dark Purple Skin Pale Fleshed
*Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
*🍇Stinging Nettles (Urtica dioica)
*🍇Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)
*Rhubarb 'Crimson Cherry' (Rheum rhabarbarum/Rheum x cultorum) and other unknown varieties.
*🍇French Sorrel (Rumex acetosa) - I've got starts of two different clones (unsure if they are named). One seems to have larger wavy edged leaves and produces flowers in the summer which slows down leaf production temporarily. The other has smaller, but more abundant leaves and seems to not flower which keeps it in leaf production during the summer. On visual and flavor appeal I'm preferring the flowering type so far.
*🍇Lamb's Quarters (Chenopodium sp.) - Tasty greens, but not common volunteer on disturbed soils.
*🍇Asparagus (Asparagus officinales)
*Camas (Camassia quamash) - Native edible bulb that was historically a major food crop.
*Greater Camas (Camassia l.) - Native edible bulb that was historically a major food crop.
*Yucca filamentosa - Tasty flowers, great boiled whole as a veggie dish.
*Daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva, H. lilioasphodelus, x 'Hyperion' and other assorted hybrids) - Edible buds.  My favorite tasting so far is 'Hyperion'.  I'd plant more of this variety for sure.
*🌱🍇Fragrant Spring Tree (Cedrela sinensis)
*🍇Cattail (Typha lattifolia)
*🍇Squash (Cucurbita pepo, C. maxima, C. moschata) - Growing and saving seeds to develop my own land races best adapted to my conditions with minimal supplemental watering.
*🌱Moringa oleifera 'STX-1' strain - most cold hardy strain available so worth trialing as a die-back perennial.  All seedlings were grazed by (presumably) slugs repeatedly.  Only one appears to have survived past sprouting.
*🍇'Bronze' Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
*🍇'Florence' Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum)
*🍇Bay Laurel/Sweet Bay (Laurus nobilis)
*Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
*🍇Russian Comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum) - Sterile hybrid comfrey for mostly external use as well as for green mulch and pulling nutrients from deep in the soil.
*Plantain (Plantago major) - naturalized. Green form common, and purple leaved form also present.
*🌱🍇Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon' - I have it and have tasted it, but am still debating whether I want to plant it as it can spread quite well...
*🌱Tea, Russian Seedling - Seed grown from seed sourced in Sochi, Russia.
*🌱Tea, ' Blushing Maiden' - Pink flowers


*🌱🍇(Salix koriyanagi var. 'Rubikins') - Basketry willow with very fine flexible branches. Attractive in the landscape.
*🌱🍇(Salix viminalis) - Basketry willow with yellow branches. Attractive in the landscape.  Irresistible to the sheep and goats.


*🍇Honey Mushrooms (Armillaria sinapina) - Wild, seasonally abundant. Best fresh, but abundant harvests can be dried for later use.
*🍇Shaggy Mane/Shaggy Ink Cap (Coprinus comatus) - Only spotted on a few occasions, but I hope to encourage it. It's delishous!
*🍇Turkey Tails (Trametes versicolor) - Wild, common and abundant over an extended period of time. Too tough for eating, but can be used to make a mushroom stock and is reported to have anti-viral properties.
*🍇Artist's Conk (Ganoderma applanatum) - Very abundant.  Useful for teas or stocks, but too woody to actually eat directly.
*🍇Mica Inky Caps (Coprinellus micaceous) - Wild, small, but seasonally abundant. Great flavor and easy to dry for later use.
*🍇Winecaps (Stropharia rugosoannulata) - Introduced. Seasonally available, growing in wood chip mulch.
*Yellow Morels (Morchella esculenta or other similar) - Introduced. Amazing harvest the first year, mediocre harvest the second year, no sign of them the third year. :/
*Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) - Introduced into standing deadwood snags.
*Lion's Mane (Hericium erinaceus) - Introduced into standing deadwood snags.

Animal Products:

*🍇Meat (Ovis aries, 'Piebald' sheep) - Help manage the land and the annual harvest of meat from the lambs is the dominant form of meat in my diet these days.
*🍇Wool (Ovis aries, 'Piebald' sheep) - In the past the wool has been so full of thorns and such that I haven't bothered with it, but as the land gets more tame the workability of the wool is improving. This year I bought a spinning wheel and was able to make some cozy cold weather hats as well as some dish cloths/hot pads for kitchen use. Interested in doing more...
*🍇Fat (Ovis aries, 'Piebald' sheep) - The lambs don't have much fat, but occasionally I harvest an older sheep and it will have enough fat to save for soap making.
*🍇Honey (Apis melifera) - Delicious, and I'm finally getting the hang of keeping them around. The key seems to be to just provide housing for local bees rather than purchasing and bringing in bees from elsewhere.
*🍇Wax (Apis mellifera) - As a byproduct of honey harvesting I get a bit of bees' wax which I have found useful here and there. I've used it to seal terracotta saucers as well as to make wood treatments.

Seed, cutting, ect. Acquired, but not yet growing:


Ordered, but not yet received:

*additional Helianthus tuberosus varieties.
*Tejocote (Crataegus mexicana) 'Red' & 'Yellow'
*Comfrey 'Axminster Gold' - Variegated
*Prime Ark Traveler Thornless Blackberry
*Invicta gooseberry
*Seker Gevrek Quince
*Musa sikkimensis hardy (seedy) banana
*Phyllostachys dulcis Sweetshoot Bamboo
*Mioga Hardy Ginger
*Yoinashi pear Pyrus pyrifolia
*Methley plum Prunus
*Saijo persimmon Diospyros kaki
*Baby Shipova Sorbopyrus
*Reka Blueberry V. Corymbosum
*Compact Stella Cherry Prunus avium
*North Star Cherry Prunus cerasus
*Evan's Bali Cherry Prunus cerasus
*Carmine Goumi Elaeagnus multiflora

Possible Future Additions Under Consideration:

*Pigeons (Columba livia domestica)
*Black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) - desirable edible shoots and beautiful poles for structural use.
*Water Hawthorne (Aponogeton distachyos)
*Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas)
*Morus alba x rubra 'Illinois Everbearing' - Own root only, not grafted
*Stonecrop (Sedum oregonum) - edible leaves
*Sweet Potatoes: 'Okinawan' - White skin, purple flesh darkens when cooked.  Dense, sweet.
*Avocados 'Fantastic', 'Lila' and 'Joey' to plant in ground in greenhouse.  Waiting on availability.
*Lanzho lily (Lilium davidii var. unicolor)

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  1. Hi, I am from Europe, zone 6. You grow many plants. From native american fruits I grow illinois mulberry. Please tell me something about the taste of manchurian viburnum. Is it worthy to grow it for fruit eating ?

    1. Hi Jan, my manchurian viburnum is still young and has not started producing yet. I do have high hopes for it though. It has a very attractive appearance with its leaves alone. I don't personally know anyone who grows this plant so I am not sure how old it needs to be before it starts producing. I'm hoping it will begin in the next year or two.